Pigment Problems

Pigmentation problems in the skin can include dark spots from sun damage, melasma, birthmarks, and hyper or hypopigmentation. Unwanted pigmentation in the skin can cause a mottled, uneven skin tone that detracts from a person’s natural beauty; in addition, sudden changes in pigmentation, such as a new mole or suspicious dark spot, can potentially be indicative of skin cancer, and should be checked out immediately by a board-certified dermatologist.

What Causes Pigmentation Problems?

Pigmentation in the skin is caused by melanin, which is produced by a special type of skin cell. People with darker skin tones have more melanin in their skin. If your body produces too much melanin, it will cause dark spots on the skin, whereas if too little is produced, you will develop colorless patches of skin. Sun damage is one of the main causes of dark spots on the skin, as UV rays affect melanin-producing cells when the skin is not properly protected.

Pigmentation problems can be present from birth, as in the case of birthmarks and freckles, or they can develop later in life, often as a result of sun exposure. Melasma often occurs after pregnancy, and is in fact colloquially called a “pregnancy mask” at times.

Treatments for Pigmentation Problems

There are a variety of safe and effective treatment options available for treating pigmentation problems. Which treatment is right for you will depend on a number of factors, including the type and extent of pigmentation problem you are suffering from, your lifestyle, and your desired results. An in-person consultation is necessary for a full skin evaluation and subsequent recommendation for a customized treatment plan. Baldone Reina treat each patient as an individual, and make sure to listen to their needs and come up with the best plan possible to get the best results.

Some of the treatments offered for pigmentation problems include:

  • Laser skin resurfacing
  • Microneedling
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Chemical peels


Let us check you

Baldone Reina Dermatology are expert, board-certified dermatologists with experience diagnosing and treating all kinds of pigmentation problems in the skin. If you are worried about a new mole or want to reduce the appearance of sun damage or birthmarks, contact Baldone Reina for an in-person evaluation to come up with a custom treatment plan to get your skin looking youthful and bright again.